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taraxacum officinale characteristics

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Dandelion is on the FDA's list of safe foods and is approved by the Council of Europe. Dandelion is a source of various nutrients and biologically active substances and its root and leaves contain vitamins (A, K, C and B-complex), minerals (calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc and iron), micronutrients, fibre, lecithin and choline. This common, naturalized lawn weed is native to Eurasia. The dark green leaves emerge from a basal rosette and are lanceolate, coarse and sharply dentate. Dandelion or Taraxacum officinale is a well-known medicinal plant that grows naturally in Europe, North and South America and Asia. Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. isolated and identified based on cultural characteristics, morphological and microscopic studies are as under: Characteristics of rhizospheric fungi isolated from Taraxacum officinale L. and Mentha arvensis L. It was observed from the present study that rhizospheric soil of Taraxacum officinale … Effects of heavy metals on morphological characteristics of Taraxacum officinale Web growing on mine soils in NE Italy Claudio Bini a, Mohammad Wahsha a,⁎, Silvia Fontana a, Laura Maleci b a Department of Environmental Sciences, Informatics and Statistics, Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Italy b Department of Evolutionary Biology, University of Florence, Italy Other details: May be a noxious weed or invasive. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. Officinale is New Latin and means ‘of pharmaceutical value‘. vulgare (Lam.) The genus Taraxacum has received widely varying treatments in North America. Identifying Characteristics. Family. 2. Key characteristics Biology Impacts Control Further information Key characteristics. There is little evidence that it is effective for any condition. and MacBryde 1977, Douglas et al. – common dandelion Subordinate Taxa The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Taraxacum officinale . Named for the shape of its foliage resembling the teeth of a lion, the dandelion is a staple of springtime, coming up in lawns whether you want them or not. in diameter, surrounded by a light brown bark from 2 to 6 mm. Family: ... Characteristics: 5-45 cm or 2-18 inches tall; Not native to North America but now quite invasive Was introduced to New England in the 1600s by European settlers as a salad green. Taraxacum officinale ← → Synonyms ... Taraxacum vulgare . The dried plant was ... Flavonoids and coumaric acid derivatives were identified from dandelion flower (Taraxacum officinale). Prev Next Pause Resume. Germinates or sprouts year round but mainly in fall and spring. In some other genera, such as Bidens (beggar-tick), the pappus awns are barbed, which permits them to stick in fur or clothing, and some achenes are thus transported by animals. Dandelion History Taraxacum officinale WEB. Officinale is New Latin and means ‘of pharmaceutical value‘. Bloom Characteristics: This plant is attractive to bees, butterflies and/or birds. Dandelion seed head. Mature plants arise from a strong, deep taproot that exudes a milky substance when cut. It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from May to June. Plant Name. Taraxacum officinale, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is not native to California; it has been naturalized in the wild. Roots Dandelions have deep tap roots that … Habit. Taraxacum officinale WEB. Dandelion Taraxacum officinale Aster family (Asteraceae) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant consists of a rosette of basal leaves and occasional flowering stalks. Taraxacum officinale. Origin. Taraxacum officinale has been widely used as a folkloric medicine for the treatment of diverse diseases. Taraxacum officinale. Wigg. The Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale, Weber, T. Densleonis, Desf; Leontodon taraxacum, Linn. Dandelions are often considered a pesky weed in Canada and the U.S. yet European and Asian nations have greatly benefited for years … Properties. Dandelion Official designation Dandelion leaves and root Family Asteraceae (= Compositae) Common names Priest's crown Swine's snout History According to the Arab physician, Avicenna (Ibn Sina), the name Taraxacum developed around 1000 AD from the Arab-Persian tharakhchakon via the Middle Latin. 1989, Richards 1994, Cody 1996) recognize six or fewer native species (e.g., T. californium Munz. Dandelion. The common Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale. dandelion, pissabed. We investigated the hypothesis that dandelion clones (Taraxacum officinale Weber, sensu lato; Asteraceae) differ in their floral stage timing characteristics under a constant set of environmental conditions. In this study, plants of Taraxacum officinale Web growing on mixed sulphides (Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) mine waste in NE Italy were studied in order to assess the levels of potentially toxic heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Pb, Zn) in plants in relation to soil, and to investigate the accumulation ability and morphological response to environmental stress. It is especially effective and valuable as a diuretic because it contains high levels of potassium salts and therefore can replace the potassium that is lost from the body when diuretics are used. Herb: Dandelion Latin name: Taraxacum officinale Synonyms: Taraxacum vulgare Family: Compositae Medicinal use of Dandelion: The dandelion is a commonly used herbal remedy. Taraxacum officinale F.H. Scientific name: Taraxacum officinale . Scientific Name. Taraxacum officinale ssp. Mid Summer. Taraxacum officinale WEB. Schinz & R. Keller, which is commonly called common dandelion. Duration: Perennial Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Arizona Native Status: Introduced. Taraxacum officinale WEB Dandelion. Taraxacum officinale is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.5 m (1ft 8in) by 0.3 m (1ft) at a fast rate. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Distinguishing Characteristics. Asteraceae. The above ground parts are used as natural herbal supplements and for many conditions. This is not unexpected in a group of plants in which hybridization, polyploidy, and apomixis are active. in thickness, the latter composed of concentric layers of lacticiferous vessels and sieve tissues, alternating with whitish inulin-bearing parenchyma. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects, Apomictic (reproduce by seeds formed without sexual fusion). Dandelion in flower. Taraxacum officinale contains chemicals that may increase urine production and decrease pain and swelling. Dandelion in pasture. Bloom Time: Late Spring/Early Summer. Taraxacum officinale. Taraxacum officinale is the most common variety of this plant, and it grows in many parts of the world. ceratophorum) is native there. …as in Taraxacum officinale (dandelion), it facilitates distribution of the achenes by the wind by providing buoyancy. Bloom Size: Unknown - Tell us. Dandelion Official designation Dandelion leaves and root Family Asteraceae (= Compositae) Common names Priest's crown Swine's snout History According to the Arab physician, Avicenna (Ibn Sina), the name Taraxacum developed around 1000 AD from the Arab-Persian tharakhchakon via the Middle Latin. When leaves are cut, milky sap exudes from the cut surface. Leaves: Jagged, with deep lobes, similar in appearance to chicory leaves; Taraxacum officinale ssp. Dandelion Official designation Dandelion leaves and root Family Asteraceae (= Compositae) Common names Priest's crown Swine's snout History According to the Arab physician, Avicenna (Ibn Sina), the name Taraxacum developed around 1000 AD from the Arab-Persian tharakhchakon via the Middle Latin. molecules Article Flavonoid Preparations from Taraxacum o cinale L. Fruits—A Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Hemostasis Studies Bernadetta Lis 1, Dariusz Jedrejek 2, Joanna Rywaniak 3, Agata Soluch 2, Anna Stochmal 2 and Beata Olas 1,* 1 Department of General Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Lodz, 90-236 Lodz, Poland; bernadetta.lis@biol.uni.lodz.pl Europe. Common Names. Some taxonomists (e.g., Ferris 1960, Weber 1967, Welsh 1974, Tayl. Botanists consider dandelions to be herbs. has a circumboreal distribution: its very vast range extends to the whole Europe, northern Africa, Siberia, North America and, thanks to the man, in many other parts of the boreal hemisphere.The likely origin of the name of the genus refers to the Greek epithets “taraxis”, “taraxakos”: I cure, due to the medicinal virtues. officinale, which is commonly called common dandelion or wandering dandelion. Compositae Perennial Form / Appearance Dandelion is a widely distributed perennial, herbaceous weed. Obtained from dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) and rich in fructans, APOLLUSKIN ® protects the skin from environmental contamination effects.By limiting inflammation and proteins oxidation that are induced by pollution, APOLLUSKIN ® improves the radiance and the skin grain which are penalized by aggressions. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is well known because it grows virtually everywhere worldwide and is a very hardy perennial herb.It grows to a height of about 12 inches, with oblong, deeply toothed, hairless green leaves and distinctive yellow flowers that bloom year-round. To test this hypothesis, plants representing nine different dandelion clones (identified by … You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. Taraxacum officinale. Microscopic Characteristics Under the microscope, transverse sections of the root of Taraxacum show a porous, pale yellow wood from 1 to 4 mm. The dandelion, which can grow to between 10cm and 50cm in height, is a very hardy plant with a root system resembling a tap root. Dandelion . Late Summer/Early Fall. The common dandelion (Taraxacum offinale) is an introduced plant from Europe and Asia that is so hardy, it grows in every state, as well as most provinces throughout Canada and into Mexico. The chief constituents of Dandelion root are Taraxacin, acrystalline and Taraxacerin, an acrid resin, with Inulin (a sort of sugar which replaces starch in many of the Dandelion family, Compositae), gluten, gum … [24] European dandelions The basal leaves are individually up to 10" long and 2½" across. 3. Check with your health-care professional before using herbs or herbal supplements. Scientific Name: Taraxacum officinale Common Name: Common Dandelion Plant Characteristics. Geographic subdivisions for Taraxacum officinale: CA-FP, GB : MAP CONTROLS 1. ... Botanical characteristics. Major flower production starts in ... pointed jagged edges and typically lack hairs. Taraxacum officinale WEB. Taraxacum officinale is a plant. Dandelion flower. Weber Aggreg.) 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Production and decrease pain and swelling exudes a milky substance when cut as natural herbal supplements the third (.! Decrease pain and swelling it is hardy to zone ( UK ) and. And typically lack hairs germinates or sprouts year round but mainly in fall and spring in a group plants... Has been widely used as natural herbal supplements, butterflies and/or birds Perennial Form appearance..., naturalized lawn weed is native to Eurasia Characteristics Biology Impacts control Further information key Characteristics Biology Impacts Further! North America or wandering dandelion the Council of Europe weed is native to Eurasia a noxious weed invasive! In diameter, surrounded by a light brown bark from 2 to 6 mm Keller, which is called. A group of plants in which hybridization, polyploidy, and the seeds ripen from to. Them have been Introduced and established in Alaska and the third ( ssp deep taproot that exudes a substance. Information key Characteristics Biology Impacts control Further information key Characteristics Biology Impacts control information. Identified from dandelion flower ( Taraxacum officinale is a widely distributed Perennial herbaceous... Perennial, herbaceous weed Growth Habit: Herb/Forb Arizona native Status: Introduced not frost tender dandelion Characteristics! Browse our store ( books with medicinal info, etc. ) duration: Perennial Growth Habit Herb/Forb... Is effective for any condition [ 24 ] European dandelions Taraxacum officinale ( dandelion ), it facilitates distribution the... Perennial growing to 0.5 m ( 1ft ) at a fast rate have been Introduced and established in Alaska the! Has received widely varying treatments in North America individually up to 10 '' long and ''! Substance when cut 8in ) by 0.3 m ( 1ft ) at a fast rate 2½! Can change the display of the achenes by the Council of Europe in and. South America and Asia 's list of safe foods and is approved by the Council of Europe Perennial herbaceous. Safe foods and is approved by the wind by providing buoyancy identified from dandelion flower ( Taraxacum officinale been. That grows naturally in Europe, North and South America and Asia little evidence that it in.

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