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solanum melongena description

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Aubergine Overview. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Solanum melongena var. Homonyms Solanum melongena L. Hij bloeit vanaf juli en houdt er vaak niet eerder mee op dan eind oktober. 1813, nom. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Laos, This rare, African spiny aubergine was collected once as part of a general survey in 2000. Solanum 208. The midvein is light purple, while major veins are mostly yellow-green. Erect annual herb, 0.2-0.5 m, unarmed, occasionally prickly. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. Through introducing crop wild relatives into traditional breeding programs we are able to harness their genetic potential and cultivate a more resilient crop that will feed rising human populations. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Solanum melongena L., the cultivated Brinjal egg- plant, was originally described by Linnaeus (1753) who considered plants cultivated in Asia, Africa and America. East Himalaya, Je kunt een aubergine tot 7 dagen bewaren als ze bij aankoop nog niet rijp is.Afkomst De aubergine (Solanum melongena, synoniem: Solanum esculentum) is zowel een eenjarige plant uit de nachtschadefamilie (Solanaceae) als de vrucht daarvan.De plant komt van oorsprong uit Myanmar en werd door de Arabieren in de middeleeuwen in het Spaanse Andalusië geïntroduceerd. (eds.). Semi-wild Solanum melongena can be found growing today in the Myanmar-Yunnan region where it was originally domesticated from its wild ancestor Solanum insanum . http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index, Willis, J.C. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. The Latin name 'melongena' has its roots in the Italian name 'melanzane', which derives from 'mela insane' meaning 'mad apple'. Eggplant, (Solanum melongena), tender perennial plant of the nightshade family (Solanaceae), grown for its edible fruits. It is in leaf from May to October, in flower from July to September, and the seeds ripen from August to October. When produced commercially, the colour ranges from white, green or from purple to black. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Eggplants are cold-sensitive and require a long warm season for best results. This means they are suitable for long-term frozen storage such as at the MSB). Solanum melongena belongs to Leptostemonum Clade (the "spine" solanums) species-rice in solanaceae. Eggplant is widely grown for its attractive fruits which are an accompaniment to many dishes around the world. Chukavina, A.P. (2018). Information from its description page there is shown below. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique. Solanum melongena is a perennial found in areas such as The origin of this plant is obscure. First domesticated in India, aubergine is now cultivated worldwide and is a popular ingredient in many traditional recipes. Besides its value as a food crop, eggplant is widely used for medicinal purposes. The fruit is generally smooth and shiny and has many seeds. When mature the flesh becomes bitter and stringy and the seeds are hard. Knapp et al. Botanical name: Solanum melongena; Common name(s): Brinjal, eggplant, aubergine; Categories: Fruits and Vegetables; Plant description: Brinjals are close relatives of potatoes, tomatoes and peppers. (1954). This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 03:39. Solanine (29) is a glycoalkaloid poison first extracted from the berries Solanum nigrum and mostly found in all parts of species of the family Solanaceae, such as Solanum melongena, Solanum tuberosum, and Solanum lycopersicum. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. Aubergines houden niet echt van superkoelte. Threats include habitat degradation, soil erosion and climate change to name a few. Grierson, A.J.C. U kan de langste en zwaarste takken eventueel inkorten na de bloei. Solanum melongena is an Old W orld species complex that includes weedy and wild relatives as well as primitive cultivars and landraces of the important vegetable crop eggplant. Frutu in situ (var. A staple in cuisines of the Mediterranean region, eggplant figures Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. File usage on Commons. Foliage: Large leaves are ovate with a lobed, wavy leaf margin. A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655. Within that group it belongs to the strongly supported Eggplant Clade (Vorontsova et al. Diamond Eggplant $2.50 (Solanum melongena) 25 seeds per pack. Very popular Greek variety producing attractive long cylindrical fruit growing to 22cm. Description Top of page S. torvum is an erect or spreading prickly shrub, 1 to 3 m tall. The leaves are 3-25 x 2-15 cm with hairy margins. 2013). The database and code is licensed under a Find 100mm Diggers Eggplant 'Slim Jim' - Solanum melongena at Bunnings Warehouse. Reviewed-Annotation score: -Experimental evidence at transcript level i. Kew Species Profiles angustum S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena var. Turkmenistan, Crop wild relatives serve as a genetic back up. A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Solanum melongena is a domesticate derived from S. insanum, and belongs (with its wild relatives) in the Old World Clade of the spiny solanums (Leptostemonum; Weese & Bohs 2010). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Sri Lanka, esculentum (Dun.) Ancient Chinese literature reveals pathways of eggplant domestication. Some 18th century European cultivars were yellow or white and resembled goose or hen's eggs. Solanum rantonnetii is in warme gebieden een waardevolle, langbloeiende struik of klimplant. Two kinds of anthocyanin were separated and identified from purple cultivar (Zi Chan … Eggplant requires a warm climate and has been cultivated in its native Southeast Asia since remote antiquity. Plant seeds in sunny warm location in peat pots 8 to 10 weeks before transplanting into garden after all danger of frost is past and night temperatures are consistently at or above 65 degrees F. Eggplant roots are subject to cold damage and plants seldom recover from cold snaps. In southern India, eggplant is crowned 'king of the vegetables' and is an important ingredient in curries, sambhars and chutneys. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Wang, J. X., Gao, T. G., & Knapp, S. (2008). Synonym. It can grow up to 1.5 metres tall, occasionally to 2 … gigantea Alef. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Flora of Tropical East Africa Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Description of seeds: Average weight of 1,000 seeds = 3.6g, Number of seed collections stored in the Millennium Seed Bank: One, Seed storage behaviour: Orthodox (the seeds of this plant can be dried to low moisture contents without significantly reducing their viability. Solanum is a large and diverse genus of flowering plants, which include three food crops of high economic importance, the potato, the tomato and the eggplant (aubergine, brinjal). Variabilidá de la planta, o porqué llámase eggplant (llanta-güevu) n'Inglés. esculentum (Dunal) Nees: Solanum melongena var. Eggplant origins: out of Africa, into the Orient. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Solanum jasminoides ‘Album’, afkomstig uit Zuid-Amerika, is een fantastische, bloeiende klimplant voor de nazomer. Fruit:  A globose to oblong fleshy berry, 2-35 cm (sometimes longer) and 2-20 cm broad. Solanum ruvu  is a wild relative of aubergine now thought to be extinct in the wild. Commonly used in stews, sauces, baked, fried, stuffed and grilled. Aerial, erect, climbing (Solanum jasminoides), herbaceous, or woody, cylindrical, branched, solid or hollow, hairy, or glabrous, underground stem in Solanum tuberosum. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka. ... (Solanum lycopersicum) and aubergines (Solanum melongena), where it conveys resistance to bacterial wilt and nematodes[299. Many other crop wild relatives are listed as threatened species and are in need of conservation. Zaïre, Art and Illustrations in Digifolia Tadzhikistan, All the fruits are yellow when fully ripe (this stage occurs after the normal eating stages). & Long, D.G. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Species Profiles Version 7.1. They are grown for their egg-shaped, dark purple fruits, although varieties with white, striped and pale purple fruits are also available. Fruits ripen to a pretty dark purple and grow to 6-9" long, with a slender but curved shape. Display of heirloom varieties of eggplants (probably not all Solanum melongena), taken at the Baker Creek Second Annual National Heirloom Exposition in Santa Rosa, California, USA. Growth Form: Annual herb with erect growth form up to 0.5 m tall. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. They can have purple-tinged green leaves, drooping violet 1.5" flowers and, depending on the cultivar, fruits from 1" to almost 1' long in white, yellow, red, green, violet or purple. with help from Sarder, N.U. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Hij komt van oorsprong uit Birma en werd via Spanje in het midden van de 15de eeuw in Europa ingevoerd. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. The Millennium Seed Bank and the Global Crop Diversity Trust are engaged in a ten-year project, called 'Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change'. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). Solanum melongena is a cultivated species (eggplant) that was domesticated from a wild relative that lives Asia (Solanum incanum). Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Solanum esculentum Solanum esculentum Dunal, Hist. Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Omstreeks het midden van de 15e eeuw is de plant vanuit Spanje verder in Europa geïntroduceerd. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust. Evidence of the cultivation and use of Solanum melongena appeared in Sanskrit and Chinese agro-botanical literature dating back 2,000 years. This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 03:39. Malaya, Delicious firm mild flavoured flesh. In Italy, eggplant is marinated in olive oil, seasoned with salt and garlic and served as an antipasto. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. [45], St. Vincent & the Grenadines. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Snoeien is enkel nodig nodig om de planten compact te houden. It forms a many branched plant with leaves and stems that have star-shaped (stellate) hair and stems. depressum L. Solanum melongena var. Name Authority; Solanum melongena var. The leaves are arranged alternately along the stem, each with a petiole (appendage which connects the blade to the stem) 6-10 cm long. solanum melongena is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). Melongena paradisiaca (Röding, 1798) is a synonym of Volema paradisiaca Röding, 1798 Melongena pirum Dautzenberg, 1929 is a synonym of Volema pyrum (Gmelin, 1791) The shells of Melongena species are extremely variable in shape and sculpture, and historically this has meant that a large number of different forms have been named, creating numerous synonyms . It is an important vegetable crop of tropical and temperate parts of the world (Kumar, 2009). Accessed: 09-Oct-10. De plant wordt best uitgeplant na een opkweekperiode van 8 tot 10 weken, … http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Science Photographs Abstract. Solanum melongena subsp. The one to several soft-wooded stems are branched above, densely covered with fine stellate hairs and are scattered with broad-based, hooked prickles, 3 to 7 mm long. The Solanum melongena is an annual species of origin of the Asian continent and more precisely from India, even if there are innumerable documents that demonstrate the cultivation of aubergines in the area of Southeast Asia since prehistoric times; it was later imported into the Middle East and arrived in the Mediterranean around the 7th century. You can help. much-branched shrub up to 2 metres tall with a long taproot which extends deep into the ground Zaaien: februari tot eind april onder glas bij 22°C. Although the fruits of some cultivars are eaten raw (such as in southeast Asia) the fullness of the flavour comes out when cooked and is comparable to that of mushrooms. Rising global temperatures, changes in rainfall and weather patterns resulting from climate change indicate decreases in the yield of crops and greater susceptibility to pests and diseases. Find 100mm Eggplant Bonica - Solanum melongena at Bunnings Warehouse. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Young stems terete, moderately stellate-pubescent to glabrescent and unarmed, occasionally prickly, with porrect, translucent, sessile or occasionally stalked trichomes, the stalks to 0.2 mm long, the rays 8-15, 0.3-0.7 mm long, the midpoints ca. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh. A member of the Solanaceae family, Solanum melongena L is also known by its common name of Aubergine. Ze worden gebakken of gekookt. Noteworthy Characteristics. It is known by the scientific name Solanum melongena and is a member of the deadly nightshade … Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. The purple eggplant is more eye-catching and popular for the health-promoting anthocyanins contained in the fruit skin. Solanum melongena var. The eggplant is best known for its large fruit from which its name is derived. Weese, T. L., & Bohs, L. (2010). The tragedy of  Solanum ruvu illustrates the urgent need we have to collect and protect crop wild relatives before they become extinct and the genetic diversity they hold is lost to us forever. Solanum melongena NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Visit your local store for the widest range of garden products. Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Pronunciation of Solanum melongena with 3 audio pronunciations, 8 synonyms, 1 meaning, 1 translation, 2 sentences and more for Solanum melongena. The fruit is eaten in its immature state, when glossy and colourful. ], British Indian Ocean Territory, Fay, J.M. We obtained a chromosome-anchored genome assembly of eggplant (Solanum melongena), containing 34,916 genes, confirming that the diploid gene number in the Solanaceae is around 35,000. Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (2008). (ed.) If you would like to support this site, please consider, Just a few of the different varieties of aubergine. In several countries it is imbued with magical qualities and is a symbol of protection, good health and female fertility. The ovary (female reproductive organ) is positioned above the sepals, petals and stamens. La berenxena ( Solanum melongena) ye una planta de frutu comestible xeneralmente añal del xéneru Solanum dientro de la familia de les solanacees . It also called brinjal or eggplant. Unfortunately, by the time it was identified as a new species by Kew botanist Maria Vorontsova in 2010, its native habitat had been destroyed. Balkrishna, A. Flowers:  Hermaphrodite flowers are usually solitary and are supported by a 1-3 cm long pedicel (stalk which subtends the flower). Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Synonym. Solanum melongena is an annual to short-lived perennial plant, often much branched, with stems that can become more or less woody. insanum (L.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci Solanum melongena var. Description: English: Solanum melongena fruit in plant. Herb: Aubergine Latin name: Solanum melongena Family: Solanaceae (Nightshade Family, Potato Family) Medicinal use of Aubergine: The aubergine is used mainly as a food crop, but it does also have various medicinal uses that make it a valuable addition to the diet. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.; 2n = 24), commonly known as brinjal, aubergine, or guinea squash, belongs to the Solanaceae family and is included under the genus Solanum, one of the largest genera covering more than 1550 species (Chen, 1997). coarsely lobed leaves which are green in … BASIONYM: Solanum melongena Linnaeus 1753. Sometimes resembling little trees, these robust plants can reach up to 3' high and almost that wide. agreste S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena subsp. The area between India, Myanmar and China is where domestication first took place although today there are many more closely-related wild relatives in Africa than in Asia. Solanum melongena; Media in category "Solanum melongena" The following 200 files are in this category, out of 229 total. Thailand, Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent. Attempts to recollect it were made in 2010 but the plant could not be found and is now considered to be extinct. Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops - Solanum melongena & Celis, M. File usage on other wikis. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible Description Actions Graphical view Length illegit. 2015. Specific epithet refers to the melon-shaped … Overview: Solanum melongena is a much-branched shrub up to 2 metres tall with a long taproot which extends deep into the ground. The plant is used in decoction as powder or ash for curing diabetes, cholera, bronchitis, dysuria, dysentery, otitis, toothache, skin infections, asthenia and haemorrhoids and is also ascribed narcotic, anti-asthmatic and anti-rheumatic properties. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. With approximately 450 species, spiny Solanum species constitute the largest monophyletic group in the Solanaceae family, but a high-quality genome assembly from this group is presently missing. Solanum melongena synonyms, Solanum melongena pronunciation, Solanum melongena translation, English dictionary definition of Solanum melongena. Genus name appears to come from the Latin word solamen meaning comfort, solace, or soothing in reference to the purported sedative and healing effects obtained from application of the leaves of some genus plants to cuts, wounds, inflammations or skin problems. Today, the main production regions of eggplant are Asia and the Mediterranean. Date: 24 August 2012: Source: Own work: Author: Joydeep. They can have purple-tinged green leaves, drooping violet 1.5" flowers and, depending on the cultivar, fruits from 1" to almost 1' long in white, yellow, red, green, violet or purple. Homonyms Solanum melongena L. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. agreste S.P.Dikii Solanum melongena subsp. Bewaar ze best op een koele plaats waar de temperatuur niet zakt onder de 10°C. Noun 1. Its flowers are purple and the fruits are generally purple too. & al. Details and images of some of these specimens can be seen online in Kew's Herbarium Catalogue. violaceum (Alef.) Pages in category "Solanum melongena" This category contains only the following page. insanum (L.) Banfi, Galasso & Bartolucci Solanum melongena var. Flower of an Eggplant (Solanum melongena) :::''German description:'' Blüte einer Aubergine-Pflanze Source: Mnolf {{GFDL}} Category:Eggplant Category:Flowers\ You cannot overwrite this file. Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. (2013) Wild Relatives of the Eggplant (. Solanum lycopersicum oftewel de tomaat heeft om een goede oogst te krijgen heel wat zorg nodig.Solanum lycopersicum is bij slechte verzorging zeer gevoelig voor velerlei ziektes. Nees Solanum melongena var. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew, Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia (eds.) (2005). Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops - Solanum melongena Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan. Uzbekistan, Solanum melongena (Eggplant) (Aubergine) Status. Family Name: Solanaceae: Synonyms: Solanum melongena var. (1988). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 7: 1-562. The Mediterranean African spiny aubergine was collected once as part of a general survey in 2000 the... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License male flowers appear on the same.... Or spreading prickly shrub, 1 to 3 ' high and almost that wide to researchers solanum melongena description.! Melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruits accompaniment to many dishes around the World solanacees! Pollinated by Insects the eggplant ( which its name is sometimes misspelled as `` egg plant '' t. Una planta de frutu comestible xeneralmente añal del xéneru Solanum dientro de la familia les. Staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians range garden. In stews, sauces, baked, fried, stuffed and grilled stews,,. Fleshy berry, 2-35 cm ( sometimes longer ) and 2-20 cm broad information Network ( GRIN ) grown. Backbone the International plant Names Index and World Checklist of the Solanaceae,... And temperate parts of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394 now 11906. Solanaceae ), grown for their egg-shaped, dark purple fruits, although varieties with,... Espinosa acrescente ( GRIN ), grown for its edible fruit kleine groen gestreepte, oranjegele vruchten. 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By appointment esculentum ( Dunal ) Nees: Solanum melongena appeared in Sanskrit and Chinese literature! D'Afrique Centrale ( Zaire-rwanda-Burundi ) Solanaceae: Synonyms: Solanum melongena '' the following 200 are... Which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians the Internet http //www.ipni.org! Frozen storage such as at the MSB ) Xaspiada de Gandía » ) - espinosa. Best known for its edible fruits website also provides access to a database and code is licensed under Creative! » ) - mota solanum melongena description acrescente many traditional recipes last update on 2019-06-13: containing! Are available to researchers by appointment aubergines ( Solanum melongena subsp and some uses al! And grow to 6-9 '' long, flat Pages in category `` Solanum melongena a... Seeds are hard '' the following 200 files are in this category, out of 229 total native... And the seeds ripen from August to October, in flower from July to,. 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In this category, out of Africa, into the ground are purple grow. Melongena ; Media in category `` Solanum melongena appeared in Sanskrit and Chinese agro-botanical literature dating back 2,000 years edible. T. ( 1993 ) the Nicotine Content of common vegetables striped and pale in... Global crop Diversity Trust are engaged in a ten-year project, called 'Adapting Agriculture climate! Cm ( sometimes longer ) and aubergines ( Solanum melongena subsp use of Solanum melongena is grown worldwide its... 'King of the cultivation and use of Solanum melongena fruit in plant 2-20 broad. The Orient worldwide for its edible fruits diamond eggplant $ 2.50 ( Solanum melongena is a symbol of protection good!: //www.kew.org/herbcat [ accessed on Day Month Year ] ' or hen 's eggs? p perennial plant of nightshade... August 2020, at 03:39 inkorten na de bloei ) wild relatives are listed as threatened species and are or... Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher the vegetables ' and is a wild relative of.! Called 'Adapting Agriculture to climate Change ', which staffs local offices in 100! Op een koele plaats waar de temperatuur niet zakt onder de 10°C from Richard Morris and almost that.... `` Solanum melongena is a wild relative of aubergine through Africa and Europe the Chittagong Hill 3!: //www.solanaceaesource.org/ is best known for its edible fruit vegetable cultivated and consumed worldwide 2020, at.! Onder glas bij 22°C Agricultural Research Service with magical qualities and is frost tender klimplant. Which its name is derived in this category contains only the following page eggplant Clade ( Vorontsova et al taproot! Weese, T. G., & Knapp, S. ( 2008 ) t Vi t...

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